Commonly asked questions about orthopedic disorders:
- What is an orthopedic disorder?
- What types of orthopedic disorders are there?
- What types of treatment are available for orthopedic disorders?
- Orthopedic disorder organizations
What is an Orthopedic Disorder?
Orthopedic disorders, also known as orthopedic impairments, are issues with the body which can cause a huge amount of disturbance and affect the quality of life you can achieve. Orthopedic is classified as anything that has to do with muscles, ligaments or joints. Disorders are injuries, ailments or diseases that cause knee problems, whiplash, dislocated shoulder, torn cartilages, foot pain, fibromyalgia and many others.
What Types Of Orthopedic Disorders Are There?
- Arthritis: A rheumatic disease that has symptoms of pain, limited movement, swelling and pain in connective tissues. There are roughly 50 million people in the U.S. who experience some form of arthritis. Arthritis is chronic or rarely changes and can progress slowly. Unfortunately many of the causes of arthritis are unknown.
- Fractures: Open or compound fractures include bone breaking through the skin or a wound that exposes the bone through the skin. A closed or simple fracture is a broken bone seen, but not exiting the skin through a wound. Greenstick fractures are incomplete fractures where a small portion of the bone is broken. Other fractures are straight line fractures across the bone and spiral fractures, which are actual breaks that spiral around the bone.
- Lower Back Pain: An orthopedic condition that affects one out of every ten people. Lower back pain varies from mild and annoying to persistent and severe. When you have pain in your lower back your mobility is restricted and normal functions are disturbed.
- Neck Pain: Can come from injuries or damage to the muscles and ligaments of the neck, a herniated cervical disk or arthritis. Tumors and congenital abnormalities of the vertebrae can cause severe neck pain. Twisting and straining is also a neck problem and neck pain can also cause headaches and general aching in shoulders and the back.
- Cerebral palsy: A group of chronic medical conditions that affect the body’s motor conditions. It will lead to the inability to move body parts, and loss of muscle tone and coordination. In some serious cases, it will cause the patient to lose their mental capabilities.
- Osteomyelitis: A chronic disease that affects the bone and joints and is triggered by bacteria. It will slowly eat away and destroy the bone and joints. Due to the presence of bacteria and infection, pus will be produced by the body’s immune system and this will cause discharges with bad odor.
- Osteoporosis: A disease of progressive bone loss often associated with an increased risk of bone fractures.
What Types Of Treatments Are Available For Orthopedic Disorders?
Arthritis: There is currently no cure for arthritis. However, through medication many symptoms can be controlled. How your particular case of arthritis is treated will depend on the type and severity. Your medical team will help you decide what form of treatment will be the most beneficial. The three main types of treatments for arthritis are medication, physical therapy, and in some cases surgery may be needed.
Fractures: Treatment for a fracture often involves resetting the bone in place and immobilizing it in a cast or splint to allow it time to heal. Sometimes, surgery or metal rods may be needed to reset the bone.
Lower Back Pain: Most lower back pain goes away on its own in two to four weeks. Physical therapy and pain relievers can help. A few cases may require surgery.
Neck Pain: Treatment generally begins with care in the form of pain medications, heat/ice therapy, and even physical therapy and muscle conditioning. In some severe cases surgery may be needed to correct the problem.
Cerebral Palsy: The brain injury that cerebral palsy causes can not be repaired. However, the physical damage caused by it can be treated. The physical damage is treated through the use of physical therapy and adaptive equipment. Treatment may also require the use of drug therapy and surgical interventions.
Osteomyelitis: The treatment for osteomyelitis is usually surgery to remove the portions of the bone that have died. The surgery is followed by strong antibiotics, often administered by an IV, for at least six weeks.
Osteoporosis:Currently there is not a cure for osteoporosis. However there are steps you can take to prevent, slow or stop its progress. In order to treat osteoporosis make sure you are getting enough calcium and vitamin D to help promote bone health. There are also medications available to help reduce the risk of broken bones. These medicines are used to slow/stop bone loss, or to rebuild bone.
Orthopedic Disorder Organizations
The Alabama Orthopedic Society
The Alabama Orthopedic Society (AOS) is a medical education association located in Montgomery, Alabama, comprised of orthopedic surgeons who are licensed to practice medicine throughout Alabama and/or the United States. The purpose of AOS is the advancement of orthopedic surgery in all its phases. As of May 2015, there were approximately 400 orthopedic surgeons in Alabama, some 250 of which were members of AOS.
Phone: (334) 657-6575
American Academy of Cerebral Palsy and Developmental Medicine
The American Academy for Cerebral Palsy and Developmental Medicine (AACPDM) is an academy of over 1,100 health professionals dedicated to providing multidisciplinary scientific education and promoting excellence in research and services for the benefit of people with and at risk for cerebral palsy and other childhood-onset disabilities.
Phone: (414) 918-3014
American Association of Hip and Knee Surgeons
Established in 1991, the mission of the American Association of Hip and Knee Surgeons (AAHKS) is to advance hip and knee patient care through education and advocacy. It has an annual meeting that provides an opportunity for members of the orthopedic profession to come together and educate each other on the best practices in arthroplasty. The agenda addresses a broad array of scientific topics such as implant design, outcomes, surgical techniques and complications of primary and revision total joint arthroplasty (TJA). The latest information available on socioeconomic issues affecting the specialty is another highlight of the meeting.
Phone: (847) 698-1200
American Association of Neurological Surgeons
The American Association of Neurological Surgeons (AANS) is the organization that speaks for all of neurosurgery. The AANS is dedicated to advancing the specialty of neurological surgery in order to promote the highest quality of patient care.
American Association of Orthopedic Surgeons
The American Association of Orthopedic Surgeons was founded in 1933. The Academy is the preeminent provider of musculoskeletal education to orthopedic surgeons and others in the world. Its continuing medical education activities include a world-renowned annual meeting, multiple CME courses held around the country and at their Orthopedic Learning Center, and various medical and scientific publications and electronic media materials.
Phone: (847) 823-7186
American Association of Tissue Banks (AATB)
The mission of the AATB is to honor donors and to save and improve lives by promoting the safety, quality and availability of donated tissue for transplantation, and non-transplant anatomical material for education. AATB seeks to accomplish its mission by establishing and making their standards known, administering accreditation and certification programs, interacting with regulatory agencies and legislative officials as well as fostering education and research.
The American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons
The purpose of the American Society for Surgery of the Hand (ASSH) is to advance the science and practice of hand and upper extremity surgery through education, research and advocacy on behalf of patients and practitioners.
American Orthopedic Society for Sports Medicine
AOSSM is a world leader in sports medicine education, research, communication, and fellowship, working closely with many other sports medicine specialists, including athletic trainers, physical therapists, family physicians, and others to improve the identification, prevention, treatment, and rehabilitation of sports injuries. The AOSSM was primarily formed as a forum for education and research. The American Orthopedic Society for Sports Medicine has increased its membership from less than 100 at the beginning to more than 3,000.
Phone: (847) 292-4900
American Society for Bone and Mineral Research
The American Society for Bone and Mineral Research (ASBMR) is a professional, scientific and medical society established to bring together clinical and experimental scientists who are involved in the study of bone and mineral metabolism.
Phone: (202) 367-1161
American Spinal Injury Association
The American Spinal Injury Association’s goal is to educate members, other healthcare professionals, patients and their families as well as the public on all aspects of spinal cord injury and its consequences in order to prevent injury, improve care, increase availability of services and maximize the injured individual’s potential for full participation in all areas of community life.
American Sports Medicine Institute
The mission of ASMI is to improve the understanding, prevention and treatment of sports-related injuries through research and education. The institute features a state-of-the-art biomechanics laboratory, a sports medicine library, and a skills lab for arthroscopic training and cadaver research. ASMI is the nation’s largest accredited educator of sports medicine physicians.
Cervical Spine Research Society
The Cervical Spine Research Society is a multidisciplinary organization of individuals interested in clinical and research problems of the cervical spine. Its purpose is to provide a forum for the exchange and development of ideas and philosophy regarding the diagnosis and treatment of cervical spine injury and disease.
Phone: (847) 698-1628
Orthopedic Research Society
The purposes of the Orthopedic Research Society are to promote, support, develop and encourage research in surgery and musculoskeletal disease and disciplines related thereto; to provide, support, develop and sponsor educational activities related to the foregoing, and to provide a forum for dissemination of knowledge in the fields.
Paediatric Orthopaedic Society of North America
The Pediatric Orthopaedic Society of North America (POSNA) is a not-for-profit professional organization of more than 1,200 surgeons, physicians, and allied health members passionately dedicated to advancing musculoskeletal care for children and adolescents through education, research, quality, safety and value initiatives, advocacy, and global outreach to children in underserved areas.
Scoliosis Research Society
The Scoliosis Research Society (SRS) is an international society that was founded in 1966 with 35 members. It has gained recognition as one of the world’s premier spine societies. The SRS has maintained a commitment to research and education in the field of spinal deformities. Current membership includes more than 1,000 of the world’s leading spine surgeons, researchers, physician assistants and orthotists who are involved in research and treatment of spinal deformities.
Phone: (414) 289-9107
The International Society For The Advancement of Spine Surgery
ISASS is an international organization dedicated to spine professionals across the globe. They currently have more than 30,000 members whose main purpose is to discuss and assess the existing strategies and innovative ideas in the clinical and basic sciences related to spine surgery to enhance patient care.
Phone: (630) 375-1432
Spondylitis Association of America
The Spondylitis Association of America (SAA) is a nonprofit organization founded in 1983 to address the needs of people living with spondylitis. Since that time, SAA has been fighting to promote medical research, educate both the medical community and general public, and advocate on behalf of the people they serve. Their goal is to be a leader in the quest to cure ankylosing spondylitis and related diseases, and to empower those affected to live their lives to the fullest.
Washington State Orthopedic Association
The mission of the WSOA is to champion the interests of patients, to serve the orthopaedic medical profession, and to advance the highest quality musculoskeletal health through public and professional education.
Phone: (206) 956-3642
Western Orthopaedic Association
The mission of the Western Orthopaedic Association (WOA) is to help ensure that people in the western region of the United States receive high quality ethical care by providing orthopaedists with educational programs, opportunities to foster collegiality and ways to influence health policy.