Neurological DisordersNeurological Disorder Resource Center: Lifestyle Tips, Organizations & Treatment Options

Commonly asked questions about neurological disorders:

What are Neurological Disorders?

According to World Health Organization, neurological disorders are disorders in the central and peripheral nervous system. The brain, spinal cord, cranial nerves, peripheral nerves, nerve roots, autonomic nervous system, neuromuscular junction, and muscles are all affected by neurological disorders.

Structural, biochemical, or electrical abnormalities in these main parts of the body can result in different types of dementia and disorders.

What are the Types of Neurological Disorders?

There are over 600 known neurological disorders and conditions that affect the human nervous system. In some cases, physical injury to the brain, spinal cord, or nerves can be the cause of neurological disorders, but in other cases the cause may be unknown.

Some of the main types of neurological disorders are:

Epilepsy a neurological disorder marked by recurrent episodes of loss of consciousness, convulsions, and sensory disturbance. Associated with abnormal activity in the brain.
Dementias Dementia is a broad category of brain disease that causes a long term and often gradual decrease in the ability to think, remember, problem-solve or speak.
Migraines/ Headache Disorders A headache that varies in levels of pain, often paired with nausea and sensitivity to light and sound.
Multiple sclerosis A disease in which the immune system eats the protective covering of nerves, and requires medical diagnosis.
Compulsive behaviors Compulsions are repetitive behaviors or thoughts that a person engages in to neutralize, conteract, or diminish obsessions altogether.
Brain tumors A brain tumor is a mass collection of abnormal cells formed in your brain. These can either be cancerous (malignant) or non-cancerous (benign) and have the ability to form within your brain (primary tumors) or through other organs such as your lungs (secondary tumors).

Neurological Disorder Treatment Options

Patients with neurological issues can be placed in rehabilitation as an attempt to restore lost function. Therapies for neurological disorders may often consist of:

  • Lifestyle changes to prevent or minimize the impact or symptoms of this condition
  • Physiotherapy to maintain symptoms to a minimum and restore function
  • Pain management
  • Medication to restore function or prevent worsening of the patient’s condition

Cognitive Behavioral Therapy Treatments: Cognitive behavioral therapy, also known as “talk therapy” focuses on reorienting a patient’s thoughts and behavior related to their disability. While this is not an appropriate response to many disorders of the brain and nervous system, it has shown considerable effect on the treatment of ADHD, anxiety and other mood disorders, as well as a range of psychogenic impairments.There are no side effects to this type of therapy, which is in contrast with any other drugs or types of intervention.

Other Therapeutic Methods: Cognitive behavioral therapy is not the only type of treatment for patients recovering from a stroke, traumatic brain injury, or degenerative brain disease. In these cases, a range of medications, such as neuroleptics and analgesics, are capable of treating the painful effects of many neurological aliments.

Neurological Disorder Organizations

ALS Association

Mission: Nonprofit voluntary health organization dedicated to the fight against amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. Funds global research and sponsors advocacy programs, a network of chapters, and certified centers and clinics located nationwide.


Alzheimer’s Association

Mission: National voluntary health organization committed to finding a cure for Alzheimer’s and helping those affected by the disease.


  • 225 North Michigan Avenue., Floor 17 Chicago, IL 60601-7633
  • Email:
  • Phone: 312-335-8700

Brain Injury Association of America, Inc.

Mission: Non-profit organization dedicated to people with brain injuries and their families. Offers research, education, and advocacy programs through a national office, network of state affiliates, support groups, and a helpline.


Brain Trauma Foundation

Mission: Brain Trauma Foundation Is a nationwide organization devoted to improving the outcome of traumatic brain injury patients. The foundation works to increase the quality care of patients, and through guidelines development, professional education, clinical research, improve the chances of a meaningful recovery.


  • 1999 S. Bascom Avenue Suite 1040 Campbell, CA 95008
  • Email:
  • Phone: 408-369=9735

Cerebral Palsy Foundation

Mission: CP Foundation is dedicated to funding research and educational services that are relevant to discovering the cause, a cure, and evidence-based care for Cerebral Palsy patients and their developmental disabilities.


  • 3 Columbus Circle, 15th Floor New York, NY 10019
  • Email:
  • Phone: 212-520-1686

Creutzfeldt-Jakob Disease (CJD) Foundation Inc.

Mission: Non-profit, volunteer foundation that reaches out to people affected by the disease, and promotes research, education, and awareness of CJD.


  • O. Box 5312 Akron, OH 44334
  • Email:
  • Phone: 800-659-1991

Epilepsy Institute

Mission: Non-profit organization that provides comprehensive social services and resources for people with epilepsy and their families.


Lewy Body Dementia Association

Mission: Supporting those affected by Lewy Body Dementia through outreach, education, and research.


  • 912 Killian Hill Rd, S.W. Lilburn, GA 30047
  • Email:
  • Phone: 404-935-6444

Make-A-Wish Foundation of America

Mission: Foundation that grants the wishes of children with life-threatening illnesses.


  • 4742 N. 24th Suite 400 Phoenix, AZ 85016
  • Email:
  • Phone: 800-722-9474

Multiple Sclerosis Foundation

Mission: Dedicated to helping people with multiple sclerosis. The foundation offers a wide array of free services including: national toll-free support, educational programs, homecare services, support groups, assistive technology programs, publications, and more programs aiming to help with the needs and challenges of those who face physical obstacles.


  • 6520 North Andrews Avenue. Ft. Lauderdale, FL 33309-2130
  • Email:
  • Phone: 954-776-6805

International Disorder Organizations

International Campaign for Cures of SCI Paralysis

Mission: The ICCP is a coalition that consists of member organizations working “to expedite the discovery of cures for Spinal Cord Injury Paralysis.” This organization involves the Christopher Reeve Foundation, PVA, the Kent Waldrep Foundation, the Miami Project, and more.


International Association of Functional Neurology and Rehabilitation

Mission: To promote education and research in the area of functional neurology by providing answers to practical applications. IAFNR has a wide variety of education options for students and/or professionals to further their education in this field.


International Bureau for Epilepsy

Mission: The IBE improves the social condition and quality of life of people with epilepsy and those who care for them. They have a vision of a world in which ignorance and fear about epilepsy are replaced by understanding and care.


  • 7 Priory Office Park, Stillorgan Rd, Blackrock, Co. Dublin, Ireland.
  • Email:
  • Phone: +353 1 210 8850

International Brain Tumor Alliance

Mission: The International Brain Tumor Alliance (IBTA) is a unique global network for brain tumor patient and career groups around the world. IBTA works alongside and represents members of these communities, including researchers, scientists, clinicians, nurses, and allied healthcare professionals to engage in advocacy to raise awareness and share information.


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